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Narcotic Abuse, Addiction and Getting Treatment

Narcotic Addiction

Narcotics and Opiates are the same thing. They are drugs which are made from Opium which is found in Asian poppies. There are many, many derivatives of opiates both synthetic and semi-synthetic. But changing the name and maybe one small compound in it does not make them any less risky. Many physicians prescribe them and have labelled them as some of the best prescription drugs available. However, there are always risks when taking any type of drug and just because one has been prescribed does not mean that those risks disappear.

Uses

Narcotics are most effective as a severe pain reliever, they can be used in individuals who have been in an accident, broken a bone or suffered a bad toothache, or they can be used long term in people who are suffering from a chronic illness or disease which means they spend most of their time in pain. Sometimes, surgeons use them as a pre-operative medicine, to calm any anxieties that a patient may be suffering from before surgery, because they can induce drowsiness they can be used to help a patient doze off before they have an anesthetic. Narcotics have also proven to be great for suppressing a cough and as they may cause constipation, they can be used to stop severe diarrhea.

Addiction

Narcotics can induce a state of calm and relaxed euphoria, the person feels relaxed, drowsy and comfortable as well as being virtually free of pain. Some people get a little scared about this feeling but for others it becomes something that they want to feel again and again so they will start taking the drugs even when they don’t really need them just to find that high again.

Tolerance

Tolerance to narcotics will build up very quickly, the more of the drug an individual takes the higher their tolerance will get which means they will need to take much higher doses of the drug in order to reach the same level of “high”. This obviously is very dangerous as in high doses, narcotics and suppress the airways, cause coma and even death.

Treatment

There are a few ways that a person can be treated for narcotic addiction and the route will be decided on by the individual and the medical professional. It is possible that the individual may be switched to another drug which will stop the side effects of withdrawal without giving the feeling of euphoria. After some time, this drug will need to be tapered down a little at a time in order for the individual to begin a life of sobriety. This treatment may be conducted on an inpatient basis in a drug rehabilitation center or if the addiction and risks are not considered to be severe enough it may be conducted on an outpatient basis with daily visits either to or from a medical professional. Treatment for narcotic addiction is not quick and it has been known to take as long as a year for the individual to be free of the addiction.