Amphetamines are stimulants that affect the central nervous system. They can provide the user with a sense of well-being depending on how the medication is taken and the specific type of amphetamine that is taken. Amphetamines are highly addictive drugs and repeated use can result in addiction.
Although the drugs tend to offer the user a sense of happiness and well-being, this period lasts for only a short time. It is often followed by severe feelings of agitation and can promote violence. Repeatedly taking amphetamines will cause a tolerance to the drug, meaning that more and more of the drug is needed to produce the same effect. There are symptoms of amphetamine addiction as well as symptoms of withdrawal.
Taking amphetamines for a long period of time can cause permanent changes in the brain that can interfere with coordination and memory. Those who abuse amphetamines also increase their risk of suffering from stroke and may suffer from heart conditions, depression, psychotic and violent behavior, paranoia and malnutrition as well as other effects.
Telltale signs of amphetamine abuse may include moderate to severe mood swings, loss of interest in normal activities, loss of personal relationships, decreased appetite, sleep disorders and a disregard for the consequences of their actions.
Recovery from amphetamine abuse is possible and begins with a detoxification program. In order to fully recover, all amphetamines must be removed from the body. This can take several days and often results in the patient being in physical and emotional pain. Withdrawals often begin within just one day of stopping the drug and can cause depression, excessive fatigue, anxiety and many other side effects. Because some of these effects can be very severe, it is often recommended that those addicted to amphetamines seek detoxification in a medically controlled environment.
While the detoxification process can take just a few days, it could take several months before the central nervous system can fully recover from the damage caused by amphetamine addiction. Those who undergo treatment for this addiction may find that there are a number of alternative therapies that are included in the overall process. Some facilities recommend using acupuncture as well as nutritional and herbal therapies in order to fully treat the body and to help it begin to heal. Cognitive therapy is always used as a means of helping the patient to better understand what caused the addiction and how to better deal with life’s ups and downs without the use of illicit drugs.
There is currently no medication that is used to treat addiction to amphetamines. Stopping the drug and entering a rehab program is currently the only way to successfully recover from it. Recovery is possible but it should be understood that this can be a long process and patients need to keep the end result in mind. Withdrawal symptoms can often be severe which could cause patients to want to stop therapy although these symptoms will last only a few days. Once the withdrawal period has ended, the patients can begin to make progress on their road to recovery.